Flood inundation simulation using ASTER DEM data in Cilemer River

Nuryanto Sasmito Slamet, Sarwono Sarwono


The Cilemer River is a river which flowing to Lada Bay in west coast of Pandeglang District, Banten Province. The influence of the tide, the high flood discharges and settlements located at the flood plain has caused flooding every year. In order to understand flood overtopping mechanism and inundation map, numerical model simulation for flood and inundation area were conducted. The numerical model of the river were conducted using cross sectional of the river, result of these simulations were further integrated with Geographical Information System (GIS). The objective of this study is to obtain inundation map area. The input for GIS is a Digital Elevation Model which is obtain from Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Digital Elevation Model (ASTER DEM). The simulation results shows the capacity of Cilemer River upstream is 210 m3/s while on the downstream segment was only 100 m3/s. Simulation shows with overtopping of the dike of 0,96 m generate 546 Ha of inundation area for 2 year return period of flood discharge. The overtopping of 1,1 m has generated 592 Ha of inundation area for 5 year return period of flood discharge. With overtopping of 1,26 m of 10 year return period flood discharge has caused 682 Ha inundation area, while 2,56 m overtopping has generated 912 Ha inundation area for 25 year return period of flood discharge. Effect of flood control structure on the outlet of bypass has generated 19 cm increase of water level.


River; flood;numerical modeling; flood inundation area; GIS


Bates, P. D., Marks, K. J and Horritt, M. S. Optimal use of high-resolution topographic data in flood inundation models. Hydrological Processes, Vol. 17 (3), (February 28), pp. 537-557, 2003.


Chow, V. T. : Open Channel Hydraulics. MacGraw-Hill, New York, 1985.

Castro, J. M., Bankfull, Discharge Recurrence Intervals and Regional Hydraulic Geometry Relationships : Patterns in The Pasific Northwest, USA 1. Journal of the American Water Resources Associatio, Vol 37, pp. 1249 1262, 2001

Danish Hydraulic Institute, (2008). Mike 11 A Modelling System for Rivers and Chanels User Guide

Dury, G. H., Principles of underfit streams. Professional Paper 452-A, USGS.

Dury, G. H. 1972, Principles of underfit streams. Professional Paper 452-A, USGS.

Eckert, S., Kellenberger, T., Itten, K., 2005. Accuracy assessment of automatically derived digital elevation models from aster data in mountainous terrain. Inter- national J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 26 (9), pp. 19431957, 2005.

Fujisada, H., Bailey, G. B., Kelly, G. G., Hara, S., and Abrams, M. J. : ASTER DEM performance. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 43 (12), pp. 2707-2714, 2005

doi:10.1109/TGRS.2005.847924. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=1542341.

Horritt, M.S., and Bates, P.D. : Evaluation of 1D and 2D numerical models for predicting river flood inundation. J. Hydrology, Vol. 268, pp. 87-99, 2002.

Kodoatie, Robert J. dan Sugiyanto, 2002. BANJIR Beberapa Penyebab & Metode Pengendaliannya Dalam Perspektif Lingkungan. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Pustaka Pelajar.

Lestari, Slamet. 2015. Tambahan Bangunan Pengendalian Dasar Sungai Untuk Menjaga Stabilitas Dasar Sungai Batang Kuranji Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Sumber Daya Air Vol. 11 No. 2 November 2015. Hal 193-202.

Nash, J.E., and Sutcliffe, J.V. 1970. River flow forecasting through conceptual models: Part 1. A discussion of principles. J. Hydrology., Vol. 10(3), pp 282-290, 1970.

Maidment, D. 1996. GIS and hydrological modelling: an assessment of progress. In: Third International Conference on GIS and Environmental Modelling, Santa Fe, NM, 2025 January, 1996.

Tarekegn, T. H., Haile, A. T., Rientjes, T., Reggiani, P., and Alkema, D. 2010. Assessment of an ASTER-generated DEM for 2D hydrodynamic flood modeling. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 12 (6) (December), pp. 457-465, 2010. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2010.05.007. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0303243410000620.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jsda.v12i1.165


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 JURNAL SUMBER DAYA AIR

Indexed by:
   Sinta Science and Technology IndexCrossref logo              
Direktorat Bina Teknik Sumber Daya Air, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya Air, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat