PERENCANAAN SABO UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN LAJU SEDIMENTASI DI RAWAPENING

Ardian Alfianto, Shandy Cecilia, Alidina Nurul Hidayah, Anjelita ., Cosmas Bambang Sukatja

Abstract


Rawapening has an area of 2,667 acres, which now ceases to exist. This natural reservoir serves to preserve water, control flood, generate electric turbine, and raw water resource. The depth of this lake decreases 42 cm annually, with the shallowing could cause flooding of the lakeside and and reducing the water supply. This study finds the additional amount of structure and dimension of sabo dam to prevent hazards at each river: at Panjang 2 (B=20m H=2m, and B=25m H=2,5 m), at Galeh 2 (each of B=8m H=2,4m), at Legi 2 (B=10m H=2m, and B=25m and H=2,5m), at Parat 1 (B=13m H=2,7m), at upstream Sraten 1 (B=15m H=2,7m), at downstream Sraten 1 (B=15m H=2,7m), and at Kedungringgis 1 (B=12m H=1,8m). Existing materials are fine and rough sand. Using WaTEM/SEDEM, saboplan guideline by processing the designed capacity, it is estimated that each river’s potential annual yield (in tonnes): Panjang 86.221,8, Galeh/Torong 45.138,24, Legi 42.404,04, Parat 28.579,32, Sraten 25.988,76, and Kedung Ringis 6.955,2. Overall, sabo dam is designed to be a closed type dam located in inlet rivers of Rawapening. Sabo dam construction holds 25% of potential sediment. Collectively, it adds a control volume of 2.885 m3, from 11.539 m3 to become approximately to become 14.424 m3. To cope with sedimentation in Rawapening, the structural approachment (sabodam) should be combined with non structural approachment such as restoring land use in the upstream area for more optimal sedimentation control.

Keywords: Sedimentation, rawapening, erosion, WaTEM/SEDEM


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jsda.v17i1.610

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