Evaluasi Kesesuaian Data Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) dengan Data Pos Hujan Pada Das Temef di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan

Denik Sri Krisnayanti, Davianto Frangky B. Welkis, Fery Moun Hepy, Djoko Legono

Abstract


The construction of the Temef Dam in Oenino Village, Oenino District, and Konbaki Village, Polen District, South Central Timor Regency requires long and reliable rainfall data. To overcome the minimum data or the unavailability of automatic rainfall (ARR) and discharge data in the past decades, the use of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite data is foreseen. The accuracy of TRMM data is obtained when the parameters of suitability and compatibility of TRMM are in a good agreement with the ARR. For the Temef watershed, there are six rainfall stations that were reviewed, namely Fatumnasi, Oeoh, Noelnoni, Polen, Nifukani, and Batinifukoko rainfall stations. Direct comparisons of rainfall data were conducted for 20 years (1998-2018) with temporal resolution on a monthly and daily basis. The results of the study show that the rainfall patterns in the TRMM data product (version 3B42V7) tend to be consistent with 3 rainfall stations in the Temef watershed namely Noelnoni, Fatumnasi, and Batinifukoko. A correlation coefficient of 0.505 – 0.813 was obtained from TRMM data calibration at monthly basis while a correction factor level of 0.0056 - 0.0129 was obtained for daily.  The calibration on the annual maximum daily rainfall data resulted in a correction factor of 0.0298 - 0.2516. Monthly and daily TRMM data fit well with the data of 3 rainfall stations. However, the Noelnoni rainfall station showed poor results on the annual maximum daily rainfall.

Keywords: TRMM data, ARR data, correction factor, correlation coefficient


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jsda.v16i1.646

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